During a period in the early 1910s which is often called ‘The Great Unrest’, South Wales experienced its fair share of industrial tension and social unrest. The long Cambrian Combine strike which began in August 1910 has been most commonly characterised in the history books by the serious violence seen in the Tonypandy area in November 1910.
By the autumn of 1910 nearly one sixth of all miners in south Wales were on strike and on 8 November 1910, the tensions caused by the strike came to a head and confrontations between strikers and police spiralled out of control. Striking miners had convened at their respective pits to express their dissatisfaction and this escalated into the ransacking of the town of Tonypandy. Some 60 shop windows were smashed and looted, the homes of miners’ officials were attacked and one man was killed.
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Back of photo of suffragettes, Pembroke Dock
Booklet mourning death of protester Helen Thomas
Trefechan Bridge Protest, 2 February 1963
Reverend William Drew Robeson
South Wales Miners' Library
Peacemakers Pilgrimage, North Wales
Jenny Lynn Collection
© Casgliad y Werin Cymru, The People's Collection Wales 2011
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